how to plan a fall garden

Fall Garden Planning and Planting

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The Beginners Guide

The end of July usually means your spring crops are coming to an end and you can start planning and planting your fall garden. Learn how to plan and plant your fall garden with this guide.

In order to preserve the most for your family you need to start thinking about your fall garden now. You will need to have your vegetables planted or sowed by the end of July, beginning of August time frame.

What to Grow in Your Fall Garden

There are many vegetable crops that you can plant in the fall and get a second harvest from. Some include greens, brassicas, root vegetables, and some other cooler weather crops.

  • Greens
    • Kale
    • Spinach
    • Asian Greens
    • Collards
    • Lettuce
    • Arugula
    • Mustard
  • Brassicas
    • Cauliflower
    • Brussel Sprouts
    • Broccoli
    • Cabbage
  • Root Vegetables
    • Beets
    • Leeks
    • Turnips
    • Rutabaga
    • Carrots
    • Parsnips
    • Radishes
  • Other Cool Weather Crops
    • Peas
    • Green Beans

Tips for a Successful Fall Garden

  • Using floating row covers on brassicas (cabbage, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, and broccoli) will prevent bug damage.
  • Using hoop tunnels will help keep your greens from frosting for a longer period of time.
  • Soaking the seeds before planting them should speed up the germination process.

How to Plan Your Fall Garden

  1. You need to find out your first frost date for your area. Try going to the Farmers Almanac and typing in your zip code to get your first fall frost date. Also known as the first killing frost.
  2. Write your first frost date in your planner. That date is what you need to keep in mind when making your fall garden plan.
  3. Go to google and type in how many days until your first frost date and that will tell you how many days of growing you have.
  4. Start your brassicas indoors and harden them off before transplanting them in your garden. See guide for when to plant.
  5. Add supplements to your garden because you will more then likely be planting your vegetables where a previous vegetables were.
  6. Make sure you keep your seedlings and plant starts watered because it will be hot during this time.

How to Planting Your Fall Garden

  • 12-14 weeks before first fall frost plant:
    • Direct Sow- beans, peas, parsnips, rutabagas, lettuce, radishes
    • Start Indoors- Brassicas
  • 10-12 weeks before first fall frost plant:
    • Harden off and plant brassicas
    • Direct Sow- beets, carrots, collards, leeks, lettuce, radishes
  • 8-10 weeks before fall frost:
    • Direct Sow- arugula, lettuce, turnips, spinach, mustard, Asian greens
  • 6-8 weeks first killing frost:
    • Direct Sow- spinach, lettuce
  • On or around the first killing frost date:
    • plant garlic and shallots to harvest the following summer.

Are you planning and planting a fall garden? If so what vegetables are you planting? Let us know in the comments below.


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